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Chartered Chemists of Nigeria to establish research centre in Abuja

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Institute of Chartered Chemists of Nigeria (ICCON) says it will establish a world-class research and development centre in Abuja to enhance chemical research and development in the country.

The Registrar of the institute, Mr Jwalshik Wilford, made the disclosure during the 12th ICCON mandatory continuing development workshop on Wednesday in Abuja.

The theme of the workshop was “The Synergistic Relationship Between Chemistry and Pharmacy and its Impact on Advancement in Drugs Development in Nigeria.”

Wilford said that the centre would be known as ICCON Research and Development Centre (IRDC), adding that the project was aimed at changing the narrative in the development of chemical research in Nigeria.

The registrar explained that drug production required the services of chemists and so there was a good reason to ensure that chemistry and pharmacy work together to develop pharmaceutical research in the country.

He added that “most pharmaceutical companies around the world hire people with research experience and advanced degrees, especially in organic chemistry which shows that these two professions are inseparable.

“I am optimistic that the workshop will greatly assist all participants in their critical functions in drug development in Nigeria.”

Prof. Mojisola Adeyeye, the Director General of National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) said that the origins and advancements of pharmacy, chemistry and drug development are interwoven in nature.

She added that drug development was a complex, lengthy and expensive process and that pharmaceutical companies recognised that drug development process required optimism for efficiency in view of the return on investments.

“The industry has surely found dependable allies in chemistry and pharmacy as both professions proved invaluable to the drug development process with a synergistic partnership that promotes the growth of the pharmaceutical industry.

“As stakeholders, we must continue to push for increased research in drug development in Nigeria, especially in the herbal medicine sector.

Prof. Abdullahi Zuru, the Vice Chancellor, Usmanu Danfodio University, Sokoto, urged chemists to project themselves and act as professionals.

The vice chancellor said “we are now looking at improved synergy between chemists and  pharmacists.

“As chemists, we have been honoured with the micro and macro knowledge of atoms and molecules.

“We also have the knowledge of the forces that control interactions between atoms and molecules. Everything you have in the world today came about from the combination of these molecules and atoms.

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NYSC, catalyst of national development- Gowon

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Retired Gen. Yakubu Gowon, a former Head of State and Founder, National Youth Service Corps (NYSC), has described the scheme as “a catalyst of Nigeria’s socioeconomic development”.

Gowon gave the commendation on Tuesday, when the Director-General of NYSC, Brig.-Gen. Shuaibu Ibrahim, paid him a courtesy visit in Abuja.

Mrs Adenike Adeyemi, NYSC Director of Press and Public Relations, in a statement quoted Gowon as saying that the scheme was “a catalyst of Nigeria’s socioeconomic development”.

Gowon recalled that the scheme, which was initially rejected at inception, had turned out to become the largest youths mobilisation agency in Nigeria.

He commended the management of the scheme for grooming successive batches of corps members for national development.

Gowon also lauded the NYSC management for providing youths with necessary platform to contribute to the national development through health, education, infrastructure, agriculture and other national assignments.

He said that the security architecture that was provided for corps members during their recent participation in the Bayelsa and Kogi elections was laudable, noting that there was no casualty involving any of the corps members.

The former Head of State said the introduction of Skills Acquisition and Entrepreneurship Development programme into the orientation course content was another feat recorded by NYSC management.

He described it as an effective tool for youths empowerment and direct answer to youths unemployment.

Gowon lauded the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), Bank of Industry and other stakeholders that had assisted enterprising corps members with loans.

He said the loans had helped the corps members to establish their businesses, thereby transforming them into wealth creators and employers of labour.

While briefing Gowon, the director-general said that NYSC management had intensified efforts aimed at sanitising the scheme’s mobilisation process.

Ibrahim said that this was to eliminate the prospects of unqualified Nigerians from being mobilised for service.

He added that some of the unqualified graduates that were arrested during the 2019 Batch ‘B’ Orientation Course had been handed over to the law enforcement agencies for prosecution.

The NYSC boss further disclosed that during the last verification of credentials of foreign-trained graduates, out of over 20,000 that uploaded their certificates, only 3,420 showed up for the exercise.

Ibrahim attributed the non-presentation of these graduates to having been forewarned to steer clear of the exercise if they paraded questionable credentials.

He added that the scheme had also intensified efforts at sensitising the various tiers of government on their obligations to NYSC Scheme, particularly in respect of establishing NYSC State Governing Boards.

The director-general said that the scheme had enlightened state governments on the need for provision of befitting orientation camps and regular maintenance of the facilities, which would ensure hitch-free orientation course.

He hinted that awareness was also being created on the NYSC Act and the need for qualified foreign and Nigerian-trained graduates to make themselves available for service immediately after graduation as enshrined in the Act.

The NYSC director-general said that he would like to leave behind a scheme that the generality of Nigerians would be proud of and happy to identify with.

Edited by Oluyinka Fadare/Olagoke Olatoye

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Former Reps member Nnenna Ukeje seeks constitutional amendment for GEO bill

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Mrs Nnenna Ukeje,  a former House of Representatives member, has called for the amendment of  section 42 of the Nigerian constitution, which condemns discrimination of all kinds, to accommodate the Gender and Equal Opportunities bill (GEO).

Ukeje, made this call during the Voice of Women (VOW) Conference and Awards held in Abuja on Tuesday.

According to her, section 42 of Nigeria’s constitution was what encouraged the passage of the Child Rights Act and Persons with Disabilities Act, regretting that same constitution has refused to recognise the GEO bill.

“ Section 42 of the constitution says there should be no discrimination against anybody and we have consistently tried to amend the constitution that is our argument, our justification for more inclusion of women.

“ However, the opponents of the bill will argue that section 42 states that there shall be no discrimination, therefore, when we want to have more inclusion they say it is against the state and the letters of the same constitution.

“ So for us, we have come to realise that section 42 rather than work for us works against us. The argument is that the constitution is self evident but not self enacting and that is the reason we have subsidiary legislation.’’

She, therefore, recommended that the law on Federal Character should include the Gender Character.

“There is the Federal Character Bill that is in the constitution, so we are saying that expand the law on federal character and just add gender, so that all areas will be covered.

Similarly, Austin Aigbe of the Centre for Democracy and Deveopment (CDD), called for the establishment of Gender Character Commission, to further empower women to take positions in governance and other leadership levels.

“It is time to have a gender character commission legislation that empowers women to take positions. We can form a movement on GEO bill just like the Not too Young to Run.’’

On her part, Toyosi Ogunsiji, Founder Rise Networks, stressed on the need to invest in girl-child education, while calling on older women to make conscious efforts to carry younger women along.

Dr Muhammad Mustapha, Director, Dispute Resolution and Development Initiative, encouraged more women to participate in politics, to enable them address the challenges facing women and girls.

The  Chairman, Board of Directors, Women Radio 91.7, represented by Igbokwe Ogechi, stressed the need to focus on the role of women in elevating Nigeria.

“Educating the girl-child will unleash the total potential we have as a nation, to give her the opportunity to develop her full potentials, while contributing to our national development.

“ We must not continue to limit our ability to compete globally by limiting opportunities for women and limiting opportunities for women and limiting opportunities for the girl-child by not educating her.’’

The Nigeria News Agency reports that some persons were conferred with awards for their outstanding support in addressing the plight of women and girls.

Mrs Aisha Buhari, wife of the President, while declaring the conference open, stressed the role of women in nation building.

She said women had begun to speak out and find their voices, hence the need to put more efforts in advocating for women’s rights.

While, receiving the award for “Woman of the Year’’ for her campaign on women and girl-child education, Mrs Buhari, said she was dedicating it to all women with strong character.

Others conferred with awards were Kwara State governor, notable personalities and organisations.

Edited by Dorcas Jonah/Ifeyinwa Omowole

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UCH requires N100b to upgrade decayed facilities – CMD

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Prof. Jesse Otegbayo, Chief Medical Director (CMD), University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan, has said that the hospital will required not less than N100 billion to upgrade its decayed facilities.

Besides, the CMD also urged state governments in Nigeria to rejuvenate secondary and primary healthcare to lessen the burden on tertiary health institutions.

The Nigeria News Agency reports that Otegbayo stated this on Tuesday in Ibadan during a press briefing marking the hospital’s 62nd Foundation Day.

NAN also reports that Pastor Enoch Adeboye, the General Overseer of the Redeemed Christian Church of God, had earlier inaugurated the two sets of dialysis machines, worth N10 million, which he donated to the hospital.

Otegbayo listed the top priority needs of the hospital to include equipment, water regulator, uninterrupted power supply, training of staff locally and internationally as well as building of infrastructure.

He said that facilities at the health institution had been overstretched, adding that if the state governments had woken up to their responsibilities, tertiary hospitals would have been able to face their mandate and provide quality care for patients with advanced cases.

“For instance, we have the only Accidents and Emergency (A&E) Department in the whole of Ibadan, with its population and in the whole of Oyo State, apart from Bowen University Teaching Hospital that has a much smaller A&E department.

“We receive patients from all over. Our clinics are now congested; people are there standing, doctors and nurses work more than they should do.

“We also need extension of the wards and we have lands, but we need good-spirited people to help us.

“Government cannot do it alone; even in overseas, it is not government alone that does it; most of the hospitals our people go to are either privately-owned or owned and run by a group of people.

“We will continue to do our best to offer best care within the limit of what we have,” he said.

The CMD said that since he assumed duty with his management team, service delivery had greatly improved in the hospital.

“If you go round the ward, the A&E department and wards now have stainless chairs for the use of patients’ relations. This has put a stop to relatives sitting on bare floor or on staircases while caring for their sick.

“Welfare of members of staff is also a priority and we have been doing a lot to make true our promise.

“Also we have been able to raise a team of influential Nigerians to be on the board of trustees of a body named “Oritamefa Health Foundation”.

“We believe this will help improve the services and facilities at the hospital,” Otegbayo said.

The UCH boss expressed appreciation to Adeboye for the donation of dialysis machines, stating that the hospital was in dire need of the machine, as kidney was an essential organ in the body.

“We look at the people who access our services all over the country; some of them don’t have money to pay for this, because it costs about N40,000 per week.

“The disease is rampant and it is increasing; so we are very grateful for get something that will be beneficial to mankind and we glorify God for that,” Otegbayo said.

In his remarks, Adeboye said that he was delighted to have contributed to the care of kidney patients, considering the nature of the disease.

“When I was growing up, everybody looked up to this hospital. At a time, people never thought of going abroad for treatment because they believed that when they get to UCH, their problems would be solved.

“With the enormous need of UCH, I know we can start from somewhere. Though I know it is going to take billions of naira to bring back the lost glory of the hospital, if human beings can’t help us, we can go to the all-sufficient God.

“Kidney is a very vital organ in the body. I have seen people with kidney problems; mere looking at them is heart-rending,” he said

The RCCG general overseer promised to donate two more dialysis machines to the hospital before the end of the year.

Editing by Oluyinka Fadare and ‘Wale Sadeeq

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Fitness expert decries attitude of Awka residents to physical exercise

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Mr Joe Onwuakpa, the Managing Director of X-Fit Aerobics and Fitness Centre, Awka, has expressed concern over the “poor attitude” of residents of the capital city to physical exercise.

Onwuakpa made the remark in an interview with the Nigeria News Agency in Awka on Tuesday, saying that residents of the town preferred eating and drinking as ways of spending their leisure time.

He said that the centre was brought to the town to make fitness and wellness facility more accessible to the people.

He said that independent research showed that only about five per cent of Awka population engaged in regular exercise, adding that sedentary lifestyle was on the increase.

Onwuakpa said: “Fitness is good as long as we are alive because it helps us to stay healthy and strong.

“Most people here in Awka don’t reckon with keeping fit or engaging in exercise.

“They believe so much more in eating and drinking here as a means of leisure.

“X-Fit is trying to change the narrative in Awka by encouraging the attitude toward healthy living through regular exercise and fitness.

“I am worried with the lifestyle. We don’t know what should be done that is why we brought this concept of fitness centre.

“A situation where only about five per cent of the population of the town engage in exercise is not impressive,” he said.

Onwuakpa said he was planning a fitness carnival at the end of November, where experts would lecture and drill guests on simple exercises.

He called on residents of Awka and its environs to be part of what he called the “life changing session” with fitness experts.

(Edited by Sam Oditah)

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Paediatrician stresses need for  healthy dieting, regular medical check-ups for diabetic children

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Although, the cause of diabetes is not known, parents of diabetic children have been advised to adopt healthy diets and ensure regular medical check-ups for them.

Dr Nwaoma Nwaogu, a consultant paediatric endocrinologist, gave the advice in an interview with Nigeria News Agency in Abuja Tuesday.

Nwaogu, a member of Ask the Paediatrician Foundation, an NGO, stressed the need to adopt these measures to avoid any complications that might arise for such children.

According to her, careful meal planning is essential for the management of diabetics, hence the need for a total nutritional overhaul for the whole family.

“The management involves careful meal planning.  A family that has a diabetic child will need nutritional overhaul; balanced healthy meals at regular times with adequate fruits and vegetables.

“ So this means that the other children in the home and the entire family should eat from the same pot. Regular and balanced meals are the key word.

“Portion control is also essential as it will also prevent the child from developing depression and truancy ideas like stealing,’’ she said.

The expert also dispelled popular beliefs on the health benefits of wheat by diabetic patients, which could do more harm than good for them.

“The idea of wheat meal being beneficial is a common belief but wrong because research has shown that wheat has been involved in autoimmunity and that it has high glycaemic index, which means after a wheat meal, your blood glucose hits the roof rapidly.’’

She, further, encouraged regular eye, urine and blood pressure checks for children suffering from diabetes to prevent complications such as cardiovascular diseases, stroke, kidney failure, damage to the eyes and foot ulcers.

“The child should have regular monitoring of HbA1C, which is a blood test that estimates blood glucose levels over a period of three months and helps identify the risk of complications in the child.’’

She explained that diabetes was a lifelong condition that affected the way our bodies handled energy found in food.

“ Normally, our bodies break down carbohydrates into small blocks called glucose which acts as fuel for the cells in our bodies. Cells in our bodies can only utilise this fuel (glucose blocks) with the help of a hormone called insulin.

“ Insulin acts as a key that opens the door of the cells so that glucose goes in for its use. Insulin is produced by an organ in our bodies called the pancreas.

“ With diabetes mellitus, it’s either you do not produce insulin or the insulin is produced in insufficient quantities or the insulin produced cannot be used or a combination of all,’’ she said.

The paediatrician listed types of diabetes to include type-one, commonly found in children, which shows absolute insulin lack requiring them to use insulin for life.

She added that type-2 diabetes, mostly found in adults and adolescents but increasingly being found in children, shows only relative lack of insulin, which requires a combination of oral medications and insulin.

She further disclosed that some people might develop diabetes following an infection or inflammation of the pancreas, partial or total removal of the pancreas.

“No one really knows what causes diabetes. We do know that some people are more at risk because of the genes that they are born with.

“Something triggers the immune system to start destroying the insulin producing cells in the pancreas.’’

She, therefore, advised parents with diabetic children to ensure they used insulin, engaged in frequent glucose testing and avoided herbs or native concoctions.

She also advised that such children engaged in daily exercise and ate balanced meals.

Edited by Chukwudi Ekezie

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Fertility decline imperative for achieving demographic dividend – Don

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Fertility decline has been described as “very imperative’’ if Nigeria must achieve a balanced productive ratio, otherwise called demographic dividend.

Prof. Olanrewaju Olaniyan, of the Department of Economics, University of Ibadan, said this at the 7th Annual Population Lecture Series (APLS), held on Tuesday, in Abuja.

The lecture had as theme: “Nigeria’s Population Issues: Harnessing 21st Century Innovations to achieve Demographic Dividend”.

Olaniyan said that only innovations in reproductive health would ensure that men and women were able to take responsibility for the quantity and quality of children they brought into the world.

He explained that building human capital was also paramount in ensuring that children, and the rest of the population, had access to universal health care, as well as equality and relevant education for all.

The don, who said that only 26 per cent of Nigerians were working, called for good governance and elimination of corruption to achieve demographic dividend.

He identified urbanisation as one of the problems militating against the achievement of demographic dividend, saying that it often ended up creating two cities in one city.

“Mass emigration from rural areas to urban areas, has created a city of prosperity and poverty in one city,” he said.

Olaniyan who pointed out that about 14.6 million Nigerians were out of school, called for drastic and innovative policies on the part of government, to address the issue by transforming children into an asset population.

Also speaking, Dr Haliru Yahaya, Emir of Shonga, called for responsible parenthood as a way to go in achieving demographic dividend.

Yahaya explained that it was wrong for a man to procreate up to 14 children that he could not cater for.

Edited by Ifeyinwa Okonkwo/Nyisom Fiyigon Dore

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