The judiciary has also been in the forefront in the country’s all-round opening-up, the Belt and Road Initiative, and high-quality development.
This is the report of the Supreme People’s Court (SPC) and the Supreme People’s Procuratorate (SPP) to the on-going annual national legislative session on Tuesday.
Chief Justice Zhou Qiang and Procurator-General Zhang Jun highlighted progress made in the past year when delivering the reports.
The SPC handled 34,794 cases in 2018 and concluded 31,883 cases, up 22.1 per cent and 23.5 per cent year on year respectively.
Local courts saw an increase of 8.8 per cent and 10.6 per cent in the cases they handled and concluded.
The top procuratorate has “based its work on people’s increasing demands for democracy, rule of law, fairness and justice, security, and a better environment in a new era,’’ Zhang said.
Amid unwavering resolve to bring the corrupt to justice, Chinese courts concluded 28,000 graft cases involving embezzlement, bribery and dereliction of duty in 2018.
Among the 33,000 people involved were 18 former officials at the provincial-level and above.
Meanwhile, 32 such former high-ranking officials, including Sun Zhengcai and Wang Sanyun, were charged.
Sun is former Party chief of southwest China’s Chongqing municipality, who was sentenced to life in prison in May for taking bribes of over 25.29 million U.S. dollars.
While Wang former Party chief of Gansu Province stood trial in October when he, accused of using his position for bribe-taking.
A total of 2,466 people who had offered bribes were convicted in 2018 amid heavier crackdown on such crime.
Prosecutors handled work-related criminal cases transferred by supervisory commissions involving 16,092 suspects in 2018.
Among them, 9,802 have been prosecuted.
The courts also targeted corruption among their own ranking in 2018, with 1,064 court staff being investigated and punished for abusing the judging and enforcement power.
Making headway in the campaign to combat organised crime and root out local mafia, Chinese courts concluded 5,489 related cases in 2018, which involved 29,000 criminals.
While procuratorates across the country approved the arrest of 73,385 suspects involved in such crime, among whom 61,188 were indicted.
Addressing pollution, China prosecuted 42,195 people for damaging environment and resources in 2018, up 21 per cent year on year, and the courts concluded 2,204 cases involving crimes of environmental pollution.
Strengthening intellectual property protection, Chinese courts concluded 288,000 cases related to intellectual property rights (IPR) of first instance in 2018, marking a year-on-year increase of 41.8 per cent.
Meanwhile, 8,325 people were prosecuted for criminal acts such as infringement of patent rights and trademark rights, up by 16.3 per cent.
A tribunal for IPR-related cases was set up at the SPC in 2018 to further strengthen the judicial protection of IPR.
In addition, the judiciary improved legal service of China’s all-round opening-up.
The courts concluded 15,000 foreign-related civil and commercial cases of first instance in 2018.