Prof. Emmanuel Oladipo, an expert on climatology, on Thursday called on Nigerians to embrace existing efforts to mitigate climate change through improved land use activities for environment sustainability and food security.
Oladipo told the News Agency of Nigeria in Lagos that activities such as gas flaring, deforestation and farming increased the amount of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) into the atmosphere which increased the effect of global warming.
According to him, the air can never be completely free of GHGs such as Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4), Nitrous oxide (N2O) as they constitute part of the atmospheric components that keep the earth warm or greenhouse effect.
“Humanity through its development activities such as industrialisation has injected more than the naturally required amount of the GHGs, particularly CO2 through coal and fossil fuel or crude oil burning into our atmosphere.
“This is now amplifying the warming effect and making the climate system to misbehave and generate extreme weather event and heat waves that we are all complaining about.
“We have polluted the atmosphere with GHGs so much that unless specific actions are taken to reduce the rate of fossil fuel use and pursue green development path, we may eventually destroy ourselves,” he said.
Oladipo said that the government needed to pursue low carbon intensive and clean energy development strategy that would still enable the economy to grow without additional pollution of the environment.
He said that Nigeria agreed to reduce its greenhouse emissions by at least 20 per cent unconditionally, without external support or up to 45 per cent conditionally, with external support by 2030 as part of its ratification of the Paris Agreement.
“This commitment is known as Nationally Determined Commitment (NDC), which Nigeria is currently implementing and reporting upon regularly to the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change,” the professor said.
Oladipo said that the country’s NDC could be improved through the increased use of renewable and CO2 free energy sources such as solar and water.
He said that the adoption of climate smart agricultural practices including livestock would reduce CH4 emissions from rice.
“The key issue is for the country to genuinely pursue the implementation of its NDC and sectoral plans in energy, power, agriculture and forestry, industry and transport with adequate financial support from internal and external sources,” he said.
Edited by Grace Yussuf