Connect with us


Erosion: Institute urges govts, organisations, others to engage proactively in improving soil health



Erosion: Institute urges govts, organisations, others to engage proactively in improving soil health

, ) The Nigeria Institute of Soil Science (NISS) on Monday urged governments, organisations, communities and individuals worldwide to engage proactively in improving soil health.

Prof. Victor Chude, the Registrar of the Institute, made the appeal in an interview with Nigeria News Agency on Monday in Abuja, ahead of the Dec. 5 commemoration of the World Soil Day (WSD).

NAN reports that the WSD is commemorated annually on Dec. 5 to focus attention on the importance of healthy soil, and advocate for the sustainable management of soil resources.

The theme for the 2019 WSD is: “Stop soil erosion, save our future”.

Chude emphasised that everyone could plant vegetation to protect the soil, adding that grasses, shrubs, trees and ground cover would develop a root system keeping the soil firmly anchored to the ground.

He specifically urged policy makers to integrate sustainable soil management policies in a broader resource management agenda.

Speaking on the WSD theme, Chude said that it sought to highlight the importance of sustaining healthy ecosystems and human well-being by addressing the increasing challenges in soil management and raising the profile of healthy soil.

Chude specifically listed impacts of soil erosion as decreased soil health and productivity, adding that it influenced both the quantity and quality of crop production.

Other impacts, according to him, are significant losses in soil biodiversity.

The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) defines soil erosion as the removal of the most fertile top layer of soil from the land surface through water, wind and tillage.

FAO notes that soil erosion occurs naturally under all climate conditions and all continents, but accelerated up to 1,000 times by unsustainable human activities.

“Our soils host about one quarter of our planet’s biodiversity; by removing the most fertile layer of soil, erosion causes a soil biodiversity decline.

“Soil erosion limits response to climate change. Displacing organic carbon, soil erosion decreases the soil’s potential to mitigate and adapt to climate change.

“It increases the risk of soil and water pollution as well as increases risk of landslide and flooding.

“Soil erosion can affect the filtration, storage and drainage of water in the soil which amplifies hydrogeological risk,” the registrar said.

He said that it could take 1,000 years to produce “just two to three centimeter of soil’’, however emphasising that by 2050 soil erosion could lead up to 10 per cent loss in crop production.

Decrying this rate of soil erosion, Chude said that if nothing was done, by 2050 the estimated crop yield would be equivalent to removing 1.5 million km of land from crop production.

He disclosed that the WSD was an international day to celebrate soil, recommended by the International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS) in 2002.

“Under the leadership of the Kingdom of Thailand and within the framework of the Global Soil Partnership, FAO has approved the formal establishment of WSD as a global awareness raising platform.

“The FAO conference unanimously endorsed WSD in June 2013, and requested its official adoption at the 68th UN General Assembly. The assembly in December 2013 responded by designating Dec. 5, 2014 as the official WSD.

“The day was chosen because it corresponded with the official birthday of His Majesty, King Bhumibol Adulyadej, King of Thailand, who officially sanctioned the event.

“It was officially recognised in memory and respect for this beloved monarch who passed away in October 2016 after seven decades as head of state,” Chude noted.

The registrar said that some of the activities lined up for the commemoration are road walk and experts dialogue on soil erosion.

Edited & Vetted By: Oluyinka Fadare/Donald Ugwu

Felicia Imohimi: is a graduate and a professionally trained journalist, with experience in national news reporting/editing and verification at the News Agency of Nigeria. NNN is a Nigerian online news portal that publishes breaking news in Nigeria, and across the world. Our journalists are honest, fair, accurate, thorough and courageous in gathering, reporting and interpreting news in the best interest of the public, because truth is the cornerstone of journalism and they strive diligently to ascertain the truth in every news report. Contact: editor[at]

Kano traffic agency bans long vehicles from offloading goods during the day Flood destroys 110 houses in Zamfara Kaduna attacks: Sen Sani urges concerted efforts by govt, security agencies Flooding: NEMA urges Jalingo residents to avoid settlement along riverine areas Zamfara APC Crisis: Court dissolves Zamfara executives, orders fresh congresses NBBF mourns former D’Tigers invitee, Ojo Adamawa Assembly approves Gov. Fintiri’s N550m Agric loan  ACF urges FG to tackle killings, insecurity in southern Kaduna Insecurity: Umahi advises Buhari to retain service chiefs Man, 27, drowns in Kano pond COVID-19 : EKSG introduces tax relief, incentives for businesses Apapa congestion : NUPENG directs tanker drivers to suspend services in Lagos Buhari to inaugurate NCDMB’s 17-storey hqtrs Aug. 13 VP Osinbajo wants deepening of PPP for infrastructure development   COVID-19: UN’s Deputy Secretary-General urges solidarity among countries  Gombe State Govt begins fumigation of 2,021 schools ahead of  reopening Ministry of Communications wins FG’s 2020 innovation competition prizes COVID-19: World Bank approves $114.28 m for Nigeria NSE: Trading sustains bullish trend, rises 0.45% PGF DG tasks APC Campaign Council on Edo governorship election Chinese court sentences another Canadian to death for drugs Obaseki celebrates Daisy Danjuma at 68 AU body advises FG on holistic approach in fights against corruption Experts urge mothers to embrace exclusive breastfeeding Osinbajo urges private sector to play key role in averting recession Rainy season: FRSC warns drivers against worn out tyres Buhari signs Amended Companies and Allied Matters Bill, after 30 years Stakeholders in Kaduna describe breastfeeding as “untapped gold mine” Ondo: Akeredolu’s running mate, Aiyedatiwa, promises loyalty to APC Erdogan says Turkey has resumed drilling in eastern Mediterranean NGO advocates collaboration among women to check rising rape cases COVID-19: Jigawa CJ directs reopening of courts Why we increased hate speech fine to N5m – Lai Mohammed COVID-19 cases in Africa surpasses 1m -WHO Ondo 2020: Akeredolu’s running mate ‘ll APC’s chance – Party Chieftain NGO, United States business group partner to empower 15m Nigerians in Agriculture Reps task TCN on completion of Kano power projects 3 students killed in road accident in northern Tanzania Health workers in Lagos State call for improved welfare packages COVID-19: Dancer wants Nigerians look inwards for way forward Edo: Buhari urges APC to avoid Rivers, Zamfara experiences 2 men docked over alleged threat to life NRC generated N3bn from services in 2019 -MD We are set to rebrand The Polytechnic, Ibadan–Council chair Foundation gets N23m United States-based Hospital’s equipment for Plateau Belgrade-based Nigerian basketballer dies after collapsing during training Al-Qaeda penetration alert: FG appeals to developed nations on needed platforms Nasarawa by-election: Police command deploys 491 personnel Lagos: Health Service Commission staff bags 2019 excellent Award Mrs El-Rufai canvasses public support for exclusive breastfeeding