EU gives social media giants mixed marks on anti-disinformation push
The commission has been issuing monthly assessments since December, when the EU adopted an action plan to combat online disinformation.
The initiative came on the heels of a voluntary EU code of conduct that the internet giants signed in October.
The EU elections in May, in particular, are seen as vulnerable to disinformation attacks.
The commission said it welcomed the effort by Facebook, Google and Twitter to start labelling political ads, as well as moves by Facebook and Twitter to make their ad libraries available to the public.
According to the commission, Google is testing its own version.
“All three, however, need to refine their technology so that third-party experts, such as fact checkers, can evaluate ads,’’ the commission said.
It also called out Google and Twitter for not making any progress in enhancing transparency for issue-based ads, given their importance in elections.
Among other shortcomings the commission cited was Twitter’s failure to provide insight on how its actions taken against spam and fake accounts are tied to activity by users in the EU.
Facebook, meanwhile, did not detail how its actions against disinformation, including the disabling of “eight coordinated inauthentic behaviour networks” affected EU users.
The commission has warned it could introduce binding rules, if voluntary pledges do not go far enough.