Connect with us

Foreign

Europeans trigger dispute mechanism in Iran nuclear deal

Published

on

Europeans trigger dispute mechanism in Iran nuclear deal

France, Britain and Germany formally triggered the dispute mechanism in Iran’s nuclear deal with world powers on Tuesday, the strongest step they have taken so far to enforce an agreement that requires Iran to curb its nuclear programme.


The European powers said they had taken the step to avoid a crisis over nuclear proliferation being added to an escalating confrontation in the Middle East.

In a statement, they said they still want the deal to succeed and were not joining a “maximum pressure” campaign against Iran by the U.S., which abandoned the deal in 2018 and has re-imposed sanctions.

Triggering the dispute mechanism amounts to formally accusing Iran of violating the terms of the agreement and could lead eventually to the re-imposition of U.N. sanctions that were lifted under the deal.

Iran has gradually rolled back its commitments under the accord since the U.S. quit, arguing that it has the right to do so because of Washington’s actions.

“We do not accept the argument that Iran is entitled to reduce compliance with the JCPoA,’’ the three European countries said in a joint statement, using the formal name of the agreement, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.

In triggering the dispute mechanism, “our three countries are not joining a campaign to implement maximum pressure against Iran.

“Our hope is to bring Iran back into full compliance with its commitments under the JCPoA’’.

To trigger the dispute mechanism, the three European countries notified the European Union, which acts as a guarantor of the agreement.

The EU’s Foreign Policy Chief, Joseph Borrell, said the bloc’s aim was not to re-impose sanctions but to “resolve issues relating to the implementation’’ of the deal.

After months of announcing gradual steps to reduce compliance, Iran said on Jan. 6 it would scrap all limits on enriching uranium but would continue cooperating with the U.N. nuclear watchdog.

The nuclear diplomacy is at the heart of a broader confrontation between Iran and the U.S., which killed Iran’s most powerful military commander in a drone strike on Jan. 3 after tit-for-tat exchanges that began with the killing of an American contractor on a base in Iraq.

The European countries said in their statement they were acting “in good faith with the overarching objective of preserving the JCPoA and in the sincere hope of finding a way forward to resolve the impasse through constructive diplomatic dialogue while preserving the agreement and remaining within its framework’’.

“Given recent events, it is all the more important that we do not add a nuclear proliferation crisis to the current escalation threatening the whole region,’’ they said.

U.S. President Donald Trump abandoned the nuclear deal in 2018, arguing that the agreement reached under his predecessor, Barack Obama, was too weak and new sanctions were needed to force Iran to accept more stringent terms.

Iran has said it will not negotiate unless sanctions are lifted.

In one of the strongest calls, yet from Europe for a new agreement to replace the deal, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said the way forward was to agree a new “Trump deal”.

“If we’re going to get rid of it, let’s replace it and let’s replace it with the Trump deal,’’ Johnson said.

“President Trump is a great dealmaker, by his own account.

“Let’s work together to replace the JCPoA and get the Trump deal instead.’’

Under the dispute mechanism outlined in the deal, the EU should now inform the other parties – Russia and China as well as Iran itself of the European move.

There would then be 15 days to resolve differences, a deadline which can be extended by consensus.

The process can ultimately lead to a “snapback” – the re-imposition of sanctions in place under previous U.N. resolutions.

“At one point we have to show our credibility,’’ said a European diplomat.

A second diplomat said: “Our intention is not to restore sanctions, but to resolve our differences through the very mechanism that was created in the deal’’.

Edited by: Abdullahi Mohammed/Abdulfatah Babatunde

 

Abdullahi Mohammed: is a graduate and a professionally trained journalist, with experience in national news reporting/editing and verification at the News Agency of Nigeria. NNN is a Nigerian online news portal that publishes breaking news in Nigeria, and across the world. Our journalists are honest, fair, accurate, thorough and courageous in gathering, reporting and interpreting news in the best interest of the public, because truth is the cornerstone of journalism and they strive diligently to ascertain the truth in every news report. Contact: editor[at]nnn.com.ng

Trump’s campaign feasts on Harris’ past criticisms of Biden COVID-19: NCDC confirms 423 new cases in Nigeria Konta in good spirits day after health scare at Top Seed Open Four-goal Shakhtar Donetsk set up Europa League semi-final against Inter Milan Bauchi Govt. partners UNESCO on mobile learning for school children Sevilla reach Europa League semi-finals as Wolves pay for penalty kick miss Zamfara security c’tee denies resignation of members Police arrest 3 for allegedly robbing fishermen of N1.6m in Lagos New Zealand city of Auckland prepares for lockdown as mystery COVID cases emerge IPAC wants INEC to adjust timetable for Ondo, Edo polls Gov. Wike dissolves Task Force on Illegal Street Trading, Motor Parks Akeredolu admonishes governors to support community policing Joe Biden picks Kamala Harris for vice-presidential running mate Biden picks California Senator, Kamala Harris, as running mate AU body underscores need for investment in potato farming in Nigeria Lagos empowers 1,100 vulnerable women, indigent residents with work tools Access Bank rewards 9,000 for digital platforms transactions ILO, NECA collaborate to eliminate child Labour in Nigeria International Youth Day: Atiku tasks youth on fight against COVID-19 New CIS president unveils next level agenda NYSC strengthens partnership with research institute INEC fixes all pending by-elections for Oct. 31 Auno: Borno Govt resettles 560 displaced families OYSG approves promotion, gratuity for 97 civil servants dismissed in 2012 Economic Sustainability Plan: Association urges FG to engage private sector Sanwo-Olu Listens, gives succour to 50 vulnerable Lagosians Osun landlords groan over alleged “outrageous” Land Use charges EFCC arrests 3 corps members, 19 undergraduates for alleged internet fraud in Ibadan NCPC boss urges Southern Kaduna people to remain calm, hopeful Stakeholders differ on use of safety tunnels, fumigation in fight against COVID-19 Congestion: Maritime agencies working toward 24-hour port services — Jamoh Abia govt. to reabsorb sacked 5,853 teachers Insurgency: NAF assures Borno of unrelenting security effort ESUT holds retreat for new administrators Edo COVID-19 death toll hits 100 — Commissioner Niger Govt. inaugurates 30-man economic advisory committee Court restrains Edo govt from publishing defamatory materials against Okunbo, Oshiomhole CIIN lauds FG’s approval of African Trade Insurance Agency Lagos State Procurement Agency (Amendment) Bill 2020 scales 2nd reading Kwara speaker calls for improved security in border communities Poultry farmers seek FG, Oyo govt.’s intervention to save industry   Monarchs task Lagos State Govt on provision of infrastructure  Nigeria disability data bank takes off in FCT CACOVID: Gov. Bagudu warns against diversion of food palliative Minister inaugurates committee on implementation of N75bn youth fund PDP swears in Enugu State executives  NJC approves appointment of 6 new High Court Judges for Kano NSE market indices drop further 0.58% Man, 44, docked over alleged cheating of woman of N75,000 Assault: Police dismiss Inspector in Osun