Bolivia’s ousted president Evo Morales, who is in exile in Mexico, says he has ruled out asking his supporters at home to demobilise to facilitate new elections until his and their security is guaranteed.
Morales made his position known in an interview with dpa in Mexico City.
According to the Inter-American Human Rights Commission, 23 people have been killed and more than 700 injured since riots erupted in Bolivia.
Morales’ supporters have clashed with security forces against what they consider a “coup d’etat” that led to his resignation on Nov. 10.
“First this de facto government needs to give guarantees.
“Former ministers, lawmakers are being unfairly persecuted, threatened.
“Secondly, there needs to be a national and international commission to identify those intellectually and materially responsible for such a massacre,” he said.
The former president said that new elections should be called and that he would be willing to not run as a candidate.
He, however, said that a major roadblock to restoring “democracy” was Jeanine Anez, the lawmaker who has declared herself Bolivia’s interim president.
Morales called on her to resign.
Morales, 60, stepped down after the army called for him to do so following weeks of violent protests against alleged fraud in the Oct. 20 elections, in which the leftist president claimed an outright victory against his centre-right challenger Carlos Mesa.
Morales said that new elections must be the result of a mediation process with all sectors of society and must go through the Plurinational Legislative Assembly, where his Movement to Socialism (MAS) party has a two-thirds majority.
“We are prepared to accept new elections based on the constitution.
“For the sake of life and of democracy, Evo is not participating if they don’t want him to participate,” Morales told dpa.
(Edited by Emmanuel Yashim)