Health

World Antibiotic Awareness: Misuse of antibiotics dangerous to health- WHO warns

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Dangerous

Abuja, Nov. 20, 2019 The World Health Organisation (WHO), says misuse of antibiotics is dangerous to health and can put people at risk.

that it killed 700, 000 people worldwide annually.

endangered health security and “our progress towards universal health coverage, by threatening to reverse medical advances of the twentieth century.

“It reduces our ability to treat diseases such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, gonorrhoea and cancer. AMR also threatens our ability to conduct surgeries and to care for premature babies.

“This silent pandemic is already leading to about,  700, 000 deaths worldwide each year and if left unchecked, AMR could cause up to 10 million deaths annually by 2050.

“People living in developing countries and those in fragile contexts, affected by conflicts and violence, are particularly vulnerable,” she said. 

Moeti, represented by WHO Officer-in-Charge, Dr Clement Peters said, “We are seeing high resistance to common pathogens such as 98 per cent fluoroquinolone-resistant Escherichia coli, meaning there are limited treatment options for people that get this infection.

“Key challenges in combating AMR include: weak regulatory systems facilitating proliferation of substandard and falsified medicines; limited implementation of standards for clean water, sanitation and hygiene, and to prevent and control infections; and a lack of reliable data,”  the expert explained. 

 were working with countries to address these challenges by implementing “One Health” national action plans. “

  bring together different sectors and disciplines to build stronger regulatory systems, to improve surveillance, and to develop policies to promote appropriate antibiotic use among humans, and in livestock and agriculture.

According to her, in the African Region, nine of 47 countries now have functioning multisectoral working groups on AMR and 19 countries have enrolled in the Global AMR Surveillance System (GLASS).

“Twenty-four countries have legislation on the prescription and sale of antimicrobials for human use and six have national monitoring systems for consumption and rational use of antimicrobials in human health.

“Together, we need to accelerate action to reduce the increasing prevalence of drug-resistant infections,” she said. 

Moeti urged Nigerians to do more to handle antibiotics with care, adding that governments could adequately ensure national action plans, promote AMR governance, facilitate multisectoral collaboration, and increase access to clean water and sanitation.

She said that patients should only use antibiotics prescribed by a certified health professional.

The Regional Director urged health workers to always follow infection prevention and control practices, and only prescribe and dispense antibiotics when they were truly needed.

According to her, the private sector can invest in research and development of new antibiotics while the agricultural industry can reduce the use of antibiotics in livestock farming.

“Working together and taking a holistic approach to safeguarding antibiotics, will help to ensure that we can all look forward to a healthier future,” she said.

This Nigeria News Agency reports that the 2019 theme is “handle antibiotics with care.”

Edited by Saidu Adamu/Felix Ajide (NAN)

Health

Use National Health Act to fast track UHC, Anthropologist tells FG

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Mrs. Abieyuwa Abel, a Social Anthropologist, has called on the Federal Government to use the National Health Act (NHA), 2014, to fast track Universal Health Coverage (UHC) in Nigeria.

Abel made the call in an interview with the Nigeria News Agency , on Wednesday in Abuja.

She was speaking ahead of the commemoration of International Day of UHC, slated for Dec. 12.

NAN reports that on Dec. 12, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) unanimously endorsed a resolution urging countries to accelerate progress toward UHC.

The idea was that everyone, everywhere should have access to quality, affordable health care as an essential priority for international development.

In 2014, the UN started to observe Dec. 12 as UHC Day to commemorate the date on which the General Assembly officially recognised the importance of UHC.

NAN reports that the theme of the 2019 UHC Day is ‘Keep the Promise’

The social anthropologist said that the NHA was a viable framework, the implementation of which could help the country and its people achieve UHC.

This Act sets the background to earmark adequate public resources to health towards strengthening primary health care through the Basic Healthcare Provision Fund.

Fifty per cent of the fund will be managed by the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS), to ensure access to a minimum package of health services for all Nigerians.

forty-five  per cent of the fund will be deployed to the National Primary Healthcare Development Agency (NPHCA), for primary health-care facility upgrade and maintainable provision of essential drugs, and deployment of human resources to primary health-care facilities.

The Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) will manage the remaining five per cent for national health emergency and response to epidemics.

Counterpart funding from state and local governments is at the core of the National Health Act implementation,” she said.

According to her, resource mobilisation and accountability are key factors for successful implementation of the National Health Act.

She said that though there was substantial evidence that public financing was key to the achievement of UHC, government expenditure on health remained had low, with domestic resource mobilisation weak.

Abel said that President Mohammadu Buhari’s administration should creatively and aggressively explore innovative domestic financing despite attendant fiscal constraints.

She said that tax avoidance and inefficient tax collection were the major roadblocks that the President should tackle to improve domestic revenue generation.

The social anthropologist said that sufficient funds could be obtained through taxes on products that pose risk to health such as tobacco and alcohol, and progressive levies on phone calls or mobile phone purchases.

Other sources of income she identified included taxes on air tickets, foreign exchange transactions, and luxury goods.

Abel said that the government could also generate substantial fiscal capacity to fund national health reforms by cutting the country’s enormous budget for fuel subsidies.

Buhari-led government can also ‘assert vision and control’ to mobilise and align resources from domestic and external sources, and ensure efficient use of such resources to increase access to high-quality health care for Nigerians.

The government should implement the 2001 Abuja declaration by allocating at least 15 per cent of its budget to health.

With all of these in place, the government can demonstrate its political will to achieve the 2014 Presidential Summit Declaration on UHC and secure the crucial public support needed for other reforms,” she said.

According to her, government should make health insurance compulsory by facilitating the amendment of the 1999 NHIS Act 35.

Abel said that with full implementation of NHIS, the 36 states of the federation and FCT should create their health insurance agencies with guidance from the NHIS, and implement innovative ways to capture the formal and informal sectors.

She described UHC as a political choice, which required vision, courage, and long-term thinking.

“It is the best investment for a safer, fairer and healthier Nigeria that is needed for people’s health and sustainable development.’’

She said that universal health care could be cheaper if Nigerians had the courage to fight the existing powers and corporations.

Forty-nine of the 50 most developed nations in the world have universal health care.

The one nation where it is not yet a reality is the one we are living in. It can be a reality here only if our government keep to its promise.

NAN recalls that the UHC international day has become the annual rallying point for the growing global movement for Health for All.

The day aims to raise awareness of the need for strong and resilient health systems and universal health coverage.

Each year, on Dec. 12, UHC advocates raise their voices to share the stories of the millions of people still waiting for health, to call on leaders to make bigger and smarter investments in health, and to remind the world that Health for All is imperative to create the world we want.

Edited by: Bayo Sekoni and Ephraims Sheyin
(NAN)
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NYSC to review collaboration with NHIS on healthcare of corps members

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National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) has reiterated its determination to review an existing collaboration with National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) on provision of free healthcare services to corps members.

The information is in a statement issued on Wednesday in Abuja by Mrs Adenike Adeyemi, Director, Press and Public Relations of NYSC.

Adeyemi stated that the NYSC Director General, Brig.-Gen. Shuaibu Ibrahim, made this known  when he received Prof. Mohammed Sambo, the Executive Secretary of NHIS in his office.

She quoted Ibrahim as saying “the collaboration between the two establishments dated back to 2016 at the instance of the Federal Government which directed corps members to enroll in NHIS.”

Ibrahim who restated the scheme’s zero tolerance to night journeys by members, stressed the need for urgent attention to the health needs of corps members.

Sambo then congratulated Ibrahim on his appointment as 18th Chief Executive Officer of NYSC.

He also commended the NYSC management “for its untiring efforts in preventing unqualified persons from participating in the National Youth Service Corps programme with its punitive measures.”

The chief executive promised that NHIS would deploy resources within its reach to ensure that Nigerians accessed quality healthcare.

He added that NHIS would consolidate on its previous achievements and also device new strategies to reach out to oganisations in the country to enroll their employees in the scheme.

Sambo said that the NHIS was also making efforts toward ensuring that Nigerians in the diaspora benefitted from the scheme.

Edited by: Bayo Sekoni/Hadiza Mohammed-Aliyu
(NAN)
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FG says tackling global health problems requires global disciplinary cooperation, expertise

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The Federal Government says tackling complex global health problems in the country requires interdisciplinary, inter-sectoral expertise and cooperation from agencies outside the health sector.

Sen. Olorunnimbe Mamora, the Minister for State for Health, stated this on Wednesday at the five-year National One Health Strategic Plan launch in Abuja.

The Nigeria News Agency , reports that the Nigeria One Health initiative has the vision of creating a nation of healthy people and animals in a balanced ecosystem.

NAN reports that co-launchers of the strategic plan are the Federal Ministry of Health, (FMoH), through the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), in collaboration with the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and the Ministry of Environment.

Mamora said that most times when there were cholera outbreaks in the country, the public was quick to question the roles of FMoH and NCDC.

According to him, majority of Nigerians are also quick to forget that cholera outbreaks happen due to poor water and sanitation facilities, factors that are not under the direct control of FMoH.

It is therefore critical for us to come together to develop joint preparedness and response plans for the infectious disease outbreaks that affect us.

One Health offers us the opportunity to acknowledge these shared interests, set common goals, and drive towards team work to benefit the overall health of a nation,” he said.

The Minister, however, noted that Nigeria had developed a strategic plan to meet its human, animal and environmental health challenges.

He said the approach would drive innovations that were important to managing outbreaks, as well as offer synergy across various ministries.

Mamora said that the goal of the strategic plan would result in improved communication, evidence-based solutions, improved surveillance, decrease in long time response to outbreaks, and an overall improved economy.

Several factors have enabled the One Health movement in Nigeria, including the strong platform provided by NCDC as the national One Health secretariat.

Today, our disease technical working groups and Rapid Response Teams for yellow fever, Monkeypox, Lassa fever and cholera have representatives from FMoH , Agriculture and Environment.

We must recognise that there may be barriers to implementing this strategy. However, it is up to us all across the three ministries to dedicate the required resources for Nigeria’s One Health strategy implementation,” he advised.

Dr Chikwe Ihekweazu, Director General NCDC, said that the five- year plan would integrate human, animal and environmental health management for improved health security in the country.

Ihekweazu said that the strategic plan, jointly developed by the three ministries, signified a high priority to the One Health approach.

The NCDC boss said that the coordination Unit would be critical to ensuring health security for the country.

He stated that the collaboration would also address the emerging health challenges arising from the animal human interface and attaining the core capacities of International Health Regulations.

Ihekweazu noted that the Plan was a significant document that would ensure the readiness of Nigeria in response to zoonotic disease outbreaks.

He, however, said that NCDC remained fully committed to working with sister agencies and all relevant stakeholders to achieve the Plan.

Dr Dooshima Kwange, a Director and representive from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, said that one of the challenges the country faced was the spread of infectious diseases.

Kwange said that dealing with such challenges called for a stronger collaboration between human and animal health organisations.

Edited by: Nyisom Fiyigon Dore
(NAN)
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LASG to convert Majidun Rehab Centre to psychiatric hospital – Commissioner

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The Lagos State Government, on Wednesday, said it was working to make the Majidun Rehabilitation Centre at Ikorodu a full functioning psychiatric hospital.

The state Commissioner for Health, Dr Olajide Idris, made the disclosure at the Annual General Meeting of the Association of Resident Doctors (ARD), Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Yaba, Lagos.

The Nigeria News Agency reports that the theme of the AGM was: “Mental Health Promotion; Life Stressors and Mental Health; Coping Skills as a Tool for Safeguarding the Mind.”

Represented by the Senior Special Assistant to the Governor on Health, Dr Oreoluwa Finnih, Idris stressed the need for the state to have its own functional psychiatric hospital.

He said that establishing more psychiatric hospitals in country would help to improve the practice of psychiatric.

According to him, there exists an urgent need to adopt a Mental Health Policy for state, saying that government is working towards actualising it.

Lack of functional regulations on mental health issues affects psychiatric practice in Nigeria, thereby depriving both the practitioners in the field and people with mental challenges of their rights.

With the existence of mental health law and equipped psychiatric hospitals, all the modalities for treatment and management of the mentally-ill, including access to medical services, the modalities and resources of mental health will be made available,” he said.

Contributing, a Consultant Psychiatrist with Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH), Dr Olurotimi Coker, urged medical practitioners to develop skills for managing stress in order to avoid depression and burnout syndrome.

According to Coker, Nigerians, particularly medical practitioners, undergo a lot of stress, which can result in depression or even mental disorder, adding that they commit suicide more than other professionals.

Studies show that 35 percent of doctors are experiencing depression and burnout syndrome and one to three physicians die by suicide everyday in the USA due to stress.

To manage and cope with stress, medical practitioners must develop entrepreneurial mindset. They must set realistic goals as they plans to be financially independent before the age of 40.

There is also the need to set limit to workloads, go on vacation and ensure one sleeps at least eight hours in a day. Life is not meant to be taken seriously. So enjoy your life while you can,” Coker said.

Earlier, the President of ARD, Dr Kabirat Kilanse-Oni, urged the state government to ensure provision of basic social amenities to enhance the living standards of residents as a way of easing stress on them.

Kilanse-Oni said that the traffic gridlock and bad roads in Lagos were the major causes of stress and depression among residents of the state.

According to her, the economic hardship in the country is another factor that has made many Nigerians to develop depression, saying that there is increase in the number of mental health cases in the country.

If the government can provide the needed amenities, particularly the road network system, such that limited time will be spend on the road, the productivity and health condition of the residents will improve.

“And this will consequently enhance the economic development of the state and that of the country at large,” Kilanse-Oni said.

Edited by ‘Wale Sadeeq

 

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Nigerian reseacher flays promotion of bone marrow transplant for HIV/AIDS cure

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Nigerian reseacher flays promotion of bone marrow transplant for cure

HIV

Umuahia, Dec. 11,  2019 A Nigerian researcher, Prof. Maduike Ezeibe, has frowned at the  analytical treatment interruption, otherwise known as bone marrow transplant, being promoted as cure for.

Ezeibe, who invented Medical Synthetic Aluminum-Magnesium Silicate (MSAMS) for the cure of, spoke during his pre-inaugural lecture media briefing on Wednesday in Umudike.

The reseacher, who is the Dean, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michael Okpara Universty, Umudike (MOUAU), said that bone marrow transplant would not guarantee a successful cure for the scourge.

Nigeria News Agency reports that Ezeibe’s claim to have found cure for, which attracted public attention about three years ago, had been a subject of controversy.

This was because the National Centre for Control of AIDS and the Nigeria Centre for Diseases Control had earlier disproved the claim.

Ezeibe, however, described bone marrow transplant as a high-tech and expensive procedure that many hospitals might not be able to perform.

He said that the level of success of a transplant “is too low (two cures in almost 10 years of the trial) and success of the treatment could hardly be guaranteed between hospitals.”

According to him, using transplant as cure for “is like saying let us carry out surgery on anybody who has stomach or intestinal worms to wash off the parasites, instead of searching for effective worm medicines.

“Using nanoparticles to mop the virus will give results that can be reproduced between patients and between hospitals, at much lower cost and zero risk.’’

He said that his nanoparticle medicine “works by electrostatic attraction” and could cure other diseases, apart from.

The don has sustained his claim, challenging relevant authorities in the medical field to a public hearing about the efficacy of his drug.

Ezeibe, a professor of Veterinary Medicine and Clinical Virology at MOUAU, said, “Apart from being anti-viral and anti-cancer, it potentiates other medicines.

“We have invented electrostatic attraction as a mechanism action of drugs for treatment of diseases caused by agents that are electrically charged (viral diseases, cancers and other tumours).

“Since the MSAMS is made of nanoparticles, it reaches every cell and as a silicate, it restores immunity.

“I call it medicinal synthetic because it is not the natural one that we get from the soil. It is the one that we get by reacting to what we have in Nigeria’’.

Ezeibe, who said that he got seven patents from three Nigerian presidents, said that he was ready to appear in a television debate against anybody doubting the efficacy of his drug.

He said that many HIV patients had tested negative after using the drug, adding that he had delivered papers on MSAMS in different international conferences and had yet to be contradicted.

He said that the treatment of required prolonged medication “with bio-chemical-effects and Anti Retroviral Therapies”.

He further said that had the potential to occur at all ages, adding that immunity from vaccine against it should be for life.

“The only condition that can make vaccination for control of possible is for the vaccine to confer immunity for life so that once people are vaccinated as babies they become protected forever,” he said.

Ezeibe called on the veterinary-researchers to guide medical-researchers’, saying that failure to observe this synergy would lead to waste of resources and false hope.
He said that he required government financial assistance to be able to set up the industry to mass produce the drug.
He said that he would be content if the Federal Government would collaborate with him to mass produce the drug and pay him royalty.

(Edited by: Chinyere Bassey/Sam Oditah)
(NAN)
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